Food table

The table allows the assessment of dietary effects on acid-base balance. Foodstuffs with a negative value (in milliequivalents per 100 g) exert an alkaline effect, foodstuffs with a positive value an acid effect. Source: Calculation according to Remer and Manz (1995).

Drinks Meat & Sausages Nuts
Bread Fish & Seafruits Herbs & Vinegar
Cereals & Flours Vegetables Fat & Oil
Pastries Peas & Beans Sweets
Milk, Dairy products & Eggs Fruits


Beverages mEq
Apple juice, unsweetened -2,2
Beer, draft -0,2
Beer, pale 0,9
Beer, stout -0,1
Beetroot juice -3,9
Carrot juice -4,8
Coca-Cola 0,4
Cocoa, made with semi-skimmed milk -0,4
Coffee, infusion, 5 minutes -1,4
Espresso -2,3
Fruit tea, infusion -0,3
Grape juice -1,0
Grape juice, unsweetened -1,0
Green tea, infusion -0,3
Herbal tea -0,2
Lemon juice -2,5
Mineral water (Apollinaris) -1,8
Mineral water (Volvic) -0,1
Orange juice, unsweetened -2,9
Red wine -2,4
Tea, Indian, infusion -0,3
Tomato juice -2,8
Vegetable juice (Tomato, beetroot, carrot) -3,6
White wine, dry -1,2
Bread mEq
Bread, rye flour 4,1
Bread, rye flour, mixed 4,0
Bread, wheat flour, mixed 3,8
Bread, wheat flour, whole meal 1,8
Bread, white wheat 3,7
Coarse wholemeal bread 5,3
Crispbread, rye 3,3
Pumpernickel 4,2
Rusk 5,9
Wholemeal bread 7,2
Cereals & Flour mEq
Amaranth 7,5
Barley (wholemeal) 5,0
Buckwheat (whole grain) 3,7
Corn (whole grain) 3,8
Cornflakes 6,0
Dried unripe spelt grains (wholemeal) 8,8
Dried unripe spelt grains (wholemeal) 8,8
Millet (whole grain) 8,6
Oat flakes 10,7
Rice, brown 12,5
Rice, white 4,6
Rice, white, boiled 1,7
Rye flour 4,4
Rye flour, wholemeal 5,9
Wheat flour, white 6,9
Wheat flour, wholemeal 8,2
Pastries mEq
Macaroni 6,1
Noodles 6,4
Spaetzle (German sort of pasta) 9,4
Spaghetti, white 6,5
Spaghetti, wholemeal 7,3
Milk, Dairy products & Eggs mEq
Buttermilk 0,5
Camembert 14,6
Cheddar-type, reduced fat 26,4
Cottage cheese, plain 8,7
Cream, fresh, sour 1,2
Curd cheese 0,9
Edam Cheese full fat 19,4
Egg, chicken, whole 8,2
Egg, white 1,1
Egg, yolk 23,4
Emmental Cheese full fat 21,1
Fresh cheese (Quark) 11,1
Full-fat soft cheese 4,3
Gouda 18,6
Hard cheese 19,2
Kefir Cheese full fat 0,0
Milk, whole, evaporated 1,1
Milk, whole, pasteurised and sterilized 0,7
Parmesan 34,2
Processed cheese, plain 28,7
Rich creamy full fat cheese 13,2
Skimmed Milk 0,7
Whey -1,6
Yogurt, whole milk, fruit 1,2
Yogurt, whole milk, plain 1,5
Meat & Sausages mEq
Beef, lean only 7,8
Cervelat sausage 8,9
Chasseur sausage 7,2
Chicken, meat only 8,7
Corned beef, canned 13,2
Duck 4,1
Duck, lean only 8,4
Frankfurters 6,7
Goose, lean only 13,0
Lamb, lean only 7,6
Liver (veal) 14,2
Liver sausage 10,6
Luncheon meat, canned 10,2
Ox liver 15,4
Pig's Liver 15,7
Pork sausage 7,0
Pork sausage (Wiener) 7,7
Pork, lean only 7,9
Rabbit, lean only 19,0
Rump steak, lean and fat 8,8
Salami 11,6
Slicing sausage containing ham 8,3
Turkey, meat only 9,9
Veal, fillet 9,0
Fish & Seafood mEq
Carp 7,9
Cod, fillets 7,1
Eal, smoked 11,0
Haddock 6,8
Halibut 7,8
Herring 7,0
Mussels 15,3
Prawn 15,5
Rose-fish 10,0
Salmon 9,4
Salted matie (herring) 8,0
Sardines in oil 13,5
Shrimps 7,6
Sole 7,4
Tiger Prawn 18,2
Trout, steamed 10,8
Zander 7,1
Vegetables mEq
Asparagus -0,4
Broccoli, green -1,2
Brussel sprouts -4,5
Carrots -4,9
Cauliflower -4,0
Celery -5,2
Chicory -2,0
Cucumber -0,8
Eggplant -3,4
Fennel -7,9
Garlic -1,7
Gherkin, pickeld -1,6
Kale -7,8
Kohlrabi -5,5
Lamb's lettuce -5,0
Leeks -1,8
Lettuce -2,5
Lettuce, iceberg -1,6
Mushrooms, common -1,4
Onions -1,5
Peppers, Capsicum, green -1,4
Potatoes -4,0
Radish, red -3,7
Ruccola -7,5
Sauerkraut -3,0
Soy beans -3,4
Soy milk -0,8
Spinach -14,0
Tofu -0,8
Tomato -3,1
Zucchini -4,6
Peas & Beans mEq
Beans, green / French beans -3,1
Lentils, green and brown, whole, dried 3,5
Peas 1,2
Fruits mEq
Apples -2,2
Apricots -4,8
Bananas -5,5
Black currants -6,5
Cherries -3,6
Figs, dried -18,1
Grapefruit -3,5
Grapes -3,9
Kiwi fruit -4,1
Lemon -2,6
Mango -3,3
Orange -2,7
Peache -2,4
Pear -2,9
Pineapple -2,7
Raisins -21,0
Strawberries -2,2
Watermelon -1,9
Nuts mEq
Hazelnuts -2,8
Peanuts, plain 8,3
Pistachio 8,5
Sweet almonds 4,3
Walnuts 6,8
Herbs & Vinegar mEq
Apple vinegar -2,3
Basil -7,3
Chives -5,3
Parsley -12,0
Wine vinegar, balamico -1,6
Fats & Oil mEq
Butter 0,6
Margarine -0,5
Olive oil 0,0
Sunflower seed oil 0,0
Sweets mEq
Chocolate, bitter 0,4
Chocolate, milk 2,4
Honey -0,3
Ice cream, dairy, vanilla 0,6
Ice cream, fruit, mixed -0,6
Madeira cake 3,7
Marmalade -1,5
Nougat hazelnut cream -1,4
Sugar, brown -1,2
Sugar, white 0,0